EPSRC Reference: 
EP/P028373/1 
Title: 
Critical Exponents and Thermodynamic Formalism on Geometrically Infinite Spaces 
Principal Investigator: 
Sharp, Professor R 
Other Investigators: 

Researcher CoInvestigators: 

Project Partners: 

Department: 
Mathematics 
Organisation: 
University of Warwick 
Scheme: 
Standard Research 
Starts: 
01 August 2017 
Ends: 
31 July 2020 
Value (£): 
316,242

EPSRC Research Topic Classifications: 

EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications: 
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors 


Related Grants: 

Panel History: 

Summary on Grant Application Form 
Groups are a way of describing symmetries of geometric objects and these symmetries may often be viewed in terms of tessellations; for example, the pictures produced by the artist M C Escher. Tessellations of this type describe how surfaces may be obtained from a socalled uniform covering space via appropriate symmetries. Apart from a small number of exceptions, the resulting surfaces admit geometries with negative curvature, in which the area around any given point looks like a saddle. There is a natural dynamical system associated to this geometry called the geodesic flow and the negative curvature makes this system chaotic. Furthermore, this chaotic behaviour parallels behaviour "at infinity" in the universal covering space. The same type of phenomena occur in higher dimensions and in situations where the geometric structure is "coarse" rather than "smooth".
The groups that appear in this theory have various numerical characteristics associated to them, notably the socalled critical exponent. This can be characterised as describing the growth in the universal cover under the group action of the dynamical complexity of the geodesic flow. It is often equal to the fractal dimension of a potentially complicated set that sits inside the boundary of the universal cover. The principle aim of this project is to understand this quantity as one varies the group in specific ways. In particular, one starts with a fixed group and then considers various subgroups. We expect to establish relations with purely algebraic properties of these subgroups. The theory becomes interesting when the subgroups give rise to spaces which are geometrically infinite, since much of the stanard theory does not apply in this case.
To analyse these problems, we shall investigate symbolic dynamical systems that serve as models for geodesic flows. This approach allows quantities such as the critical exponent to be described by a body of theory called thermodynamic formalism. This had its origins in statistical mechanics but has been applied with great success to to understand chaotic dynamical systems. Our second objective will be the development of this theory for infinite group extensions of symbolic dynamical systems.
A very successful tool in the analysis of geodesic flows and other dynamical systems has been the socalled zeta functions of the systems. These are functions of a complex variable obtained by combining local data given by the periodic orbits of the system. They are defined by convergence of an infinite product in a suitable region of the complex place but important information can be obtained if one can extend their analytic domain, and obtaining such extensions is closely related to thermodynamic formalism. For example, it has been possible to establish very precise asymptotic results for these systems. However, these functions are poorly understood, even from the point of view of definition, for geometrically infinite spaces. Our third aim is to develop and analyse a suitable theory for these functions in this case.

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